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U.S. District Judge Derrick Watson issued the written ruling Wednesday after hearing arguments.
Seeking the longer-lasting hold, state Attorney General Douglas Chin argued that the ban's implied message is like a "neon sign flashing 'Muslim ban, Muslim ban'" that the government didn't bother to turn off.
The Department of Justice had said that if Watson grants the request, he should narrow the ruling to cover only the part of Trump's executive order that suspends new visas for people from six Muslim-majority countries.
Government attorney Chad Readler said a freeze on the U.S. refugee program had no effect on Hawaii.
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