As part of an onslaught of upcoming products, Google will implant a more personable form of artificial intelligence into an Internet-connected device called Home, which echoes the Echo, Amazon.com's trendy smart-home speaker.
Meanwhile, Google will also delve deeper into the still-nascent realm of virtual reality with a system called Daydream that's meant to challenge Facebook-owned Oculus's early lead in fabricating artificial worlds.
In an attempt to outshine Apple, Google is also adding features to its Android operating system, including the ability to run apps without actually installing them on a device.
That feature, called Instant Apps, might have been the biggest breakthrough that Google announced Wednesday at its annual developers conference held in an amphitheater located a few blocks from its Mountain View, California, headquarters.
It's the first time that Google has held the conference in its hometown since the inaugural event in 2006. Google CEO Sundar Pichai told a crowd of more than 7,000 people that he wanted to move the conference from San Francisco back to Mountain View to underscore a "pivotal moment in terms of where the company is going."
Instant Apps is Google's answer to the pain of installing phone apps you know you'll use just once or twice, for shopping or booking a parking spot, for example. With this approach, the app runs on Google's servers instead of your phone. Only the parts you need are sent to your phone on an as-needed basis.
There will also be a new chat service called Allo that's designed to counter Facebook's Messenger app and WhatsApp. Allo will draw upon a vast database that Google has built through its dominant Internet search engine to predict how you might want to respond to a text and automatically fetch links to video clips and other information that seem relevant to an ongoing conversation.
Although the upcoming products will offer some unique features, they mostly painted a picture of a company scrambling to catch up with its rivals.
"The technology looks good in principle, but there's a significant risk that Google is coming into some of these markets too late to make a difference," said Jackdaw Research analyst Jan Dawson.
Google Home, for instance, will mostly do the same things already performed by the Echo, a cylinder-like speaker that Amazon released last year. The Echo responds to voice commands to play music, read books, answer questions and manage calendars. It also turns off the lights, hails Uber rides and keeps adding new tasks as programmers build more apps for it.
Not surprisingly, Google touted its Home speaker as a more intelligent and versatile device, mostly because it can tap into the same stockpile of information that makes Google's Internet search place so popular. Google also has redesigned its virtual assistant to be more conversational and intuitive. It will be the voice and brains inside Google Home.
Although it is meant to be more personal than the automated voice that Google currently uses to respond to spoken requests on smartphones and computers, the company is simply calling it "Assistant." That contrasts with the human names given to other virtual assistants from Amazon (Alexa), Apple (Siri) and Microsoft (Cortana).
Google didn't reveal a price for the Home device, though it presumably will be competitive with the Echo, which sells for $180. Even if Home proves to be superior to the Echo, Gartner analyst Brian Blau thinks Google will be hard-pressed to surpass Amazon in the category. Amazon's leadership in e-commerce means it Echo "can always be on the front-page of Amazon's site and that is going to make it difficult for any rival to catch up," Blau said.
Daydream is a new virtual reality ecosystem that will be made available to all comers, duplicating a strategy that worked well for Google after it fell behind Apple following the iPhone's debut nearly a decade ago.
To get the ball rolling, Google will sell a virtual-reality headset with a wireless motion controller expected to carry the Nexus brand that the company original created as a showcase for its Android operating system for smartphones. Google didn't announce the price for the VR headset at Wednesday's conference, nor did it specify when it will hit the market. A similar headset, the Gear VR, made by Samsung and powered by Facebook's Oculus subsidiary, costs $100.
Most consumers will probably have to buy a new smartphone to power the headset. It is going to be tethered to the "N'' version of Android that Google plans to release later this year and requires more processing power and other features that aren't in a lot of the phones that consumers are currently carrying around.
The new headset marks a major upgrade from Google's initial foray into VR in 2014, a cheap model made out of cardboard that sells for as little as $15 and is even given away in sales promotions by some companies.
"You could say Google has been the paper-based leader in VR, but otherwise you could say Google is well behind Facebook in VR," Blau said.
Google's new VR headset won't be as sophisticated as the recently released Rift from Oculus, which costs $600 and must be tethered to computers that can cost another $1,000 or so. Oculus spent several years perfecting the Rift, which features technology that looks so revolutionary that Facebook paid $2 billion to buy the startup in 2014.
Google is now part of a larger holding company known as Alphabet Inc.
Sundar Pichai is onstage, saying for the 10th Google I/O, the company is at a pivotal moment and it felt appropriate to change #io16 venue.— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Over 7,000 developers are here at Shoreline, Pichai says, not counting the Google staffers gathered on the lawn. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Pichai says over 50% of Google searches come from mobile phones now -- and a growing number of them ask "why ___?" #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Google has been working on voice recognition, Sundar says they've deliberately sampled things with noisy backgrounds to emulate real world.— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
And Sundar says Google's AI has gotten scary good: You can ask to see pictures of your friends hugging, or videos of your dog.— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Sundar says Google is announcing "the Google Assistant." He'll explain. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
The Assistant, Pichai explains, leverages Google's natural language processing prowess to bring you answers to questions. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Talking about the future, Pichai says Google should understand "we want to bring the kids" means you need a family-friendly movie etc. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Like Chromecast Audio, Google Home can play audio directly over the Internet through the Cast button -- in one or more rooms. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016
Google Home will work with Nest, third-party cloud services, and of course, the new Google Assistant for Google searches. #io16— Jonathan Bloom (@BloomTV) May 18, 2016