World markets surge ahead of Fed decision


The Dow Jones industrial average was 0.96 percent lower at 8978.54 in early trading after Tuesday's 11 percent jump, the second biggest daily gain ever.

That rally, which started after European exchanges closed on Tuesday, helped stocks rise across Europe. Britain's FTSE 100 index of leading British shares was 223.14 points, or 5.7 percent, higher by mid-afternoon London time at 4,149.52 and France's CAC-40 was up 210.34 points, or 6.8 percent, at 3,325.26.

Germany's DAX index though was lower as shares in Volkswagen AG, which have risen fivefold since Friday, dropped back by 40 percent after the car maker's biggest shareholder Porsche AG said it will offer some stock to ease liquidity constraints.

Earlier, Japan's Nikkei index closed 589.98 points, or 7.7 percent, higher at 8,211.90 in the wake of the Dow Jones' 889 point rally Tuesday.

The renewed buying has been stoked by expectations that both the U.S. Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan will cut interest rates this week and provide a further stimulus to the world economy, which should foster some renewed risk appetite in markets.

The Fed is expected to cut its target fed funds rate by half a percentage point to 1 percent later Wednesday. Markets are also holding out the hope the Bank of Japan would trim its interest rate a quarter percentage point from the already low 0.5 percent.

The European Central Bank and Bank of England are also expected to follow suit and cut borrowing costs at their next scheduled rate-setting meetings next Thursday.

Despite signs that investors are looking for bargains after the turmoil of the last month, a sense of unease still prevails with the world economy and financial system fragile, evidenced overnight by the $25 billion package to help Hungary.

"This is still a volatile world as the bizarre 11 percent rose in the Dow overnight demonstrates," said Daragh Maher, an analyst at Calyon.

"Given that this was reportedly on the back of bargain hunting, one has to query why the market did not see similar value on Monday when the Dow continued to languish," he added.

Elsewhere in Asia, the regional rally fizzled by the afternoon as traders cashed in profits amid fresh worries about company earnings.

Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index, up nearly 5 percent in early trading, trimmed its gain to just under 0.9 percent in volatile trade after a spectacular 14.4 percent rise the day before. Australia's S&P/ASX200 climbed 1.3 percent, helped by higher commodity prices.

South Korea's index pared its morning gains and dropped 3 percent as bank stocks pulled back on fears they may cut dividends after the government guaranteed their foreign currency loans.

Japan's stocks were helped by another fall in the value of the yen, which prompted investors to buy exporters like Toyota Motor Corp., which shot up 10.4 percent. Honda Motor Co. jumped 18 percent even though on Tuesday it reported a 41 percent drop in quarterly profit and lowered its forecast for the full year.

The yen has softened since jumping to about 91 to the dollar Friday. On Wednesday, the dollar was trading at about 97 yen after surging above 98 yen Tuesday, but up sharply from 94 yen late Monday.

Oil prices have also risen on the back of the rebound in global stock markets. Light, sweet crude for December delivery up $4.05 to $66.78 a barrel in London trade on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract slid 49 cents overnight to settle at $62.73, the lowest closing price since May 15, 2007.

On the currency front, the euro was higher at $1.2883, while the pound was up at $1.6187.

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