Starting in a handful of states (North Carolina not among them yet), the plan is to roll it out nationally by the end of the year.
The service is expected to cost $59 and can be paid for with a credit or debit card.
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CVS Health is partnering with virtual care company Teladoc to provide the 24/7 service.
"At CVS Health, we're committed to delivering high-quality care when and where our patients need it and at prices they can afford," said CVS Health Chief Medical Officer Dr. Troyen Brennan. "Through this new telehealth offering, patients now have an additional option for seeking care that is even more convenient for them.