SAN FRANCISCO -- A statewide survey released Thursday ranks Fresno and other Central Valley communities as the most disadvantaged areas in California when it comes to challenges ranging from polluted water to joblessness.
The ranking by the California Environmental Protection Agency earmarks those and other areas hardest-hit by environmental, economic and health problems for a greater share of the more than $800 million in funds from the state's cap-and-trade program. The program penalizes companies and other entities that emit the most climate-changing carbon.
The agency assessed 19 criteria such as percentage of people with asthma, quality of drinking water and air, prevalence of pesticide contamination, and nearness to toxic-waste cleanup sites.
Fresno neighborhoods dominated the ranking, with Bakersfield, Los Angeles El Monte, San Bernardino and Ontario also making the top 20.
"When people think of pollution" and other environmental and economic challenges, "they often think of inner-city neighborhoods," said Sam Delson, a spokesman for the state environmental agency. "What our data has shown is that these challenges are not limited to urban neighborhoods."
The state's cap-and-trade program mandates that 25 percent of its proceeds go to the state's most-disadvantaged communities.
No San Francisco Bay Area communities made the top tier of the list, meaning the region will get little or none of those funds.
San Francisco Bay Area public agencies and cities have complained that changes in the survey since the first year in 2013 - including a switch to analyzing U.S. census districts instead of using Zip codes - helped unfairly shut out Richmond, Oakland and other less-affluent communities.
Fresno tops list of Calif.'s most disadvantaged areas