The latest shooting happened at Oshkosh West High School just after 9 a.m., Oshkosh police spokeswoman Katherine Mann said at a news briefing. The student and the officer were taken to hospitals, but no one else was injured, Mann said.
Oshkosh Police Chief Dean Smith said at a news conference Tuesday afternoon that neither the officer or student had suffered what were expected to be life-threatening injuries. He said the officer shot the teenager once.
"This is a big deal," Mann said. "We're not that big of a city and we know pretty much everyone in the city and we know this affects a lot of people in our community."
The Wisconsin Department of Justice Division of Criminal Investigation is handling the investigation, she said.
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The school was locked down. Police said parents would be able to reunite with their children later at Perry Tipler Middle school. By late morning, parents were gathered at the middle school, waiting for their children.
An Oshkosh West student identified only as Evelyn told WLUK-TV that she was in class when she heard screaming and her teacher walked out.
"And then, like, after two minutes she ran back into the classroom and she was like, 'Everybody needs to evacuate right now!' And then we all ran out of the class and then we saw everybody from our school running to across the street."
After reuniting with her mother at the nearby middle school, Evelyn said: "They told us they were going to tell us what was happening, but they never did."
A senior identified only as Josh told the Journal Sentinel that he heard gunshots.
"I was walking in the hall, and a teacher shoved me into a classroom, and we started barricading the doors, and we all huddled in the corner, and there were gunshots," he said.
The Rev. John Seelman, pastor of Immanuel Lutheran Church across the street from the school, says he saw one person being transported from the school in a wheelchair who was taken away in an ambulance, and another who was carried out on a stretcher.
Stephanie Carlin, who is the mother of a sophomore and a senior at Oshkosh West and a school board member, told The Associated Press that one of her sons texted her to say, "it was crazy," but that both of her sons were safe.
"As a parent, it's terrifying," Carlin said. It's a parent's "worst nightmare."
Carlin referred questions to school board president Barbara Herzog, who did not immediately respond to a call and email seeking comment.
Just before 11 a.m., school buses were lined up outside the school and streets were blocked off. Several squad cars, many of them with lights still flashing, were parked outside, with officers manning the barricades blocking the street.
Oshkosh West has about 1,700 students in grades 9-12.
Tuesday's shooting in Oshkosh, a city of about 67,000 people, was about 80 miles north of Monday's shooting in the Milwaukee suburb of Waukesha. A police officer responding to a situation at Waukesha South High School shot an armed male student in a classroom. Officials say that student pointed a handgun at officers. The 17-year-old boy was wounded and is in custody in stable condition. No officers or other students were injured, Waukesha Police Chief Russell Jack said.
Wisconsin Attorney General Josh Kaul, a Democrat, said the two shootings reinforced the need to identify troubled students and get them the mental health services they need to prevent violence before it occurs. Kaul also renewed his call for the Republican-controlled Legislature to pass a universal gun background check bill and a "red flag" law that would empower judges to take guns from people determined to be a risk to themselves or others.
The state Justice Department's office of school safety was working with both schools in Oshkosh and Waukesha to provide them with any services they may need, Kaul said. He also said if other schools have safety upgrade needs, they should contact his agency.
"These are really tragic incidents but it's also true we have seen incidents where there has been mass tragedy," Kaul said. "I feel really sorry for our kids that they have to go to school in this environment."
School shootings have occasionally shone a spotlight on the response by guards and school resource officers. Armed school resource officers have rarely prevented a school shooting.
Last year, armed guards at three high-profile school shootings - Marshall County High School in Benton, Kentucky; Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida; and Santa Fe High School in Texas - were unable to stop the rampage.