"As far as COVID stood on June 1, San Francisco was running about 10 cases a day. Today, that number is 250," said Dr. Bob Wachter, Chair of the Department of Medicine at UCSF.
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The 75 minute zoom presentation with experts from across the country covered the fourth U.S. surge, the Delta variant, vaccines, boosters, and kids returning to the classroom. But there was also a larger conversation about looking to the future.
"I think we need to start shifting our thinking from eradication and disease elimination and COVID anytime soon, to more disease management, the way we think about flu," said Dr. Carlos Del Rio, executive associate dean of the Emory School of Medicine and Grady Health System in Atlanta.
The first six months of the year the U.S. was in a race - vaccines versus the virus. At first, data indicated that well-vaccinated populations like California, were outrunning the virus. But the Delta variant pushed COVID past us to the finish line. Herd immunity is now no longer a realistic goal.
So what is next?
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The good news is, "pandemics end," according to Dr. Del Rio. "They end when the pandemic ends. It's not up to us, politicians, you don't decide - the virus or the pathogen decides," he explained.
But before the pandemic ends, he says we can control the immediate impact of the virus through our behavior.
Dr. Del Rio, an infectious disease specialist, says societies where people embrace masking and other protective measures will have fewer outbreaks. Behavior choices that increase transmission will result in more COVID-19 cases. Vaccines are part of this behavior that drives down serious infection rates.
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As we look to the future he says, "I think is going to require lots of vaccination mandates, lots of ongoing vaccination. It's not just a one way vaccination, there's new generations happening. I think about you know how many years we continue to vaccinate against polio and measles, despite the fact that we don't have the disease. So we need to remember that this may become part of our routine immunization scheme going forward for many years until we finally control this."
Dr. Del Rio is also worried that if we don't address health equity issues locally and globally, by improving vaccine rates in underserved minority communities, the pandemic is going to hang around even longer.
"I think health inequities are going to be a major factor in determining how we end this pandemic," he said.
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