Garden remedies you can make at home

For more information on gardening home remedies, or to contact Holly Hayes with questions check out the links below.

San Jose Mercury News:

In general:

    Aspirin: Dissolve uncoated tablets in warm water; use to treat mildew, black spot and rust.

    Baking soda: Has anti-fungal properties; good for rust and black spot.

    Canola oil: Acts as a wetting agent and disperses in water better than other vegetable oils.

    Cayenne pepper: Sprinkle on areas where you don't want cats to "do their business."

    Hydrogen peroxide: Used in aphid recipe.

    Liquid soap: Fels Naptha, Dr. Bronner's, Ivory, Murphy's Oil Soap. (Not dishwashing detergent.) Soap acts as a wetting agent to help your homemade mixture cling to the plant. It also smothers aphids, whiteflies and earwigs. Also: Safer insecticidal soap.

    Rubbing alcohol: 70 percent solution. Desiccates insects.

    Vinegar: Inhibits rust (see recipe). Also kills many types of small weeds.

The Recipes:

    16 drops liquid soap
    2 oz. rubbing alcohol
    2 oz. hydrogen peroxide
    Mix in a 32-oz. spray bottle; add water. Shake well before using. Use as a foliar spray when aphids are present.

    2 capfuls Murphy's Oil soap
    1 gallon water
    Use as a foliar spray when aphids are present.

    Black spot
    1 teaspoon baking soda
    1 quart warm water
    1 teaspoon insecticidal soap
    Use as a weekly foliar spray.

    Black spot
    3 teaspoons baking soda
    ½ cup fish emulsion
    2 quarts water
    Use as a weekly foliar spray.

    1 ½ teaspoon baking soda
    1 tablespoon canola oil
    ½ teaspoon plain liquid soap
    ½ cup white vinegar
    1 gallon water
    Mix with whisk or spoon. Pour in spray bottle. Shake frequently, Apply to both sides of leaves in early morning so foliage has a chance to dry out during the day.

    2 teaspoons baking soda
    ½ teaspoon Murphy's Oil Soap
    2 quarts water
    Use as a foliar spray.

    2 uncoated aspirin tablets
    1 quart warm water.
    Dissolve aspirin in warm water. Use as a foliar spray.

    ½ cup milk
    4 cups water
    2 tablespoons canola oil.
    Use as a foliar spray twice a week. Refrigerate between uses.

    Spicy garden spray for thrips
    2/3 cup finely chopped onion
    10 large cloves of garlic, chopped or put through a garlic press
    1 jalapeno pepper, seeds included, finely chopped
    1 quart of hot water
    Mix ingredients in a bowl and let sit at room temperature for several hours. Strain through a piece of cloth such as muslin so the mixture doesn't clog the sprayer. Add 1 teaspoon canola oil and mix well. Spray in full sun. Start this regimen in early spring and repeat every two weeks. Store leftover spray in refrigerator in a screw-top jar or lidded plastic container.

    2 capfuls Murphy's Oil Soap
    1 gallon water
    1 tablespoon canola oil
    Use as a foliar spray when whiteflies are present. Coat both sides of leaves.

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