The suspect, 47-year-old Dion McDaniel of Oakland, is suspected of breaking into the woman's home in the 900 block of Apgar Street on the morning of June 7 while she was home alone, police said.
The woman confronted the intruder and filmed him on her cellphone, but after that he sexually assaulted her and then left with electronics taken from the home, police said.
The video shows a man walking out of the house with a box full of property while the woman asks him how he got in and whether he will leave.
The Oakland Police Department released the video and accompanying still images on June 9, asking the public to help identify the suspect.
McDaniel was arrested at 11:30 p.m. Tuesday by Oakland police officers and parole agents. He has an extensive criminal history, including 11 prior felony convictions, police said.