SAN FRANCISCO (KGO) -- As we reflect back on the murder of George Floyd a year ago, we've seen protests, calls to defund the police, promises for reform, and cries for change. But, what really has changed in the Bay Area?
On May 25, 2020, just after 8 p.m. George Floyd was arrested, suspected of using a counterfeit $20 bill.
By 8:20 p.m., a knee was forced on Floyd's neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds.
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"He repeatedly said I can't breathe and he called for his mother," said Cat Brooks, shaking in fear watching the footage.
Brooks co-founded the Anti Police-Terror Project, an Oakland-based coalition of grassroots organizations leading calls to defund the police.
"There are so many cases, it breaks my heart."
Remembering the lives lost in the last year
Eight days after Floyd's death, 22-year-old Sean Monterrosa was shot and killed by Vallejo police.
Four days later, 23-year-old Erik Salgado was shot and killed by California Highway Patrol.
On March 11, 2021, 32-year-old Tyrell Wilson was shot and killed by Danville police.
18 days later on March 29, 13-year-old Adam Toledo was shot and killed by Chicago police.
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On April 7, 44-year-old Roger Allen was killed by Daly City police.
Nearly two weeks later, 16-year-old Ma'Khia Bryant was shot and killed by police in Columbus, Ohio.
The day before on April 19, 26-year-old Mario Gonzalez was killed after being pinned to the ground by Alameda police officers.
A year ago in Alameda, 44-year-old Mali Watkins arrested and pinned to the ground for "dancing in the street."
Are police still responding to mental health calls?
"That's starting to change," Brooks said. "Thank god."
Brooks says the latest cases out of Alameda, involving Gonzalez and the arrest of Mali Watkins for "dancing in the street" last year, are exactly why police shouldn't respond to mental health calls.
"Stop calling the police on each other, please, I'm begging you," Brooks said. "They don't make it better."
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In the last year, the city of Alameda has established a committee dedicated to strengthening police oversight, updating use of force policies, and looking into how to better respond to mental health calls.
ABC7 spoke with Alameda City Manager Eric Levitt.
Stephanie: "Last year, former Police Chief Paul Rolleri mentioned police shouldn't be responding to mental health calls. Where does that stand now?"
Eric: "What we're looking at doing and what the council's focus is to try have mental health response be police second and to have an initial responder that may be different than just police. That's one thing we're looking at."
San Francisco Police Chief Bill Scott agrees.
"We've been saying these things for a while, I think everything that's happened in the past year now everybody else is saying it," Scott said. "We're supportive of it, there are some things police officers are just not cut out to do."
Chief Scott says SFPD won't respond to mental health calls alone. But, if there's a threat of violence, officers may be involved but made it clear, mental health clinicians should always be present during those situations.
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"We call our clinicians to crisis situations particularly standoffs and things like that," said Scott.
Brooks isn't convinced that will work.
"A lot us said we feel like this is retribution for Derek Chauvin, like the cops are like, oh yeah really... watch this," she said.
"Look if any police officer on this planet or in the country is using any use of force as retribution for what happened in Minneapolis, I think that's twisted," Chief Scott responded. "If it happens here we'll call it out."
In Oakland, the city is implementing a pilot program this fall called the Mobile Assistance Community Responders of Oakland or MACRO. It will operate under the fire department, but the teams will be made up of trained social workers or psychologists that will respond to mental health calls instead of police.
"The majority of folks around the country do not want cops responding to mental health calls," Brooks said.
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In San Jose, the police department created a Mobile Crisis Response Team (MCRT) that connects officers and qualified clinicians to respond to mental health calls. The program is now mandated protocol within the department.
As for San Francisco, reform measures started being implemented back in 2016 with changes to their use of force policy.
"We abolished the chokehold, and prohibited shooting at moving vehicles, among many other things," said Scott. "That our city took the lead on in my opinion."
In the last year, the department has stopped releasing booking photos.
"When you constantly see booking photos, your mind, you start associating people with crime," he said. "So we abolished that."
But, as the chief pointed out, these changes are just small steps in the short term, real reform will take time.
"Let me be clear we're not there yet, I don't think there is a finish line when it comes to reform, Stephanie, to be honest with you, and we just put in the structure to get there," Scott said.
Here's what's changed in Bay Area policing since murder of George Floyd
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